Climate change: Strategies for mitigation and adaptation

Date:Jul 14, 2023

 The sustainability of life on Earth is under increasing threat due to human-induced climate change. This perilous change in the Earth's climate is caused by increases in carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, primarily due to emissions associated with burning fossil fuels. Over the next two to three decades, the effects of climate change, such as heatwaves, wildfires, droughts, storms, and floods, are expected to worsen, posing greater risks to human health and global stability.

Fig1: Evidence of global climate change and its effects on the environment.

These trends call for the implementation of mitigation and adaptation strategies for minimizing these risks and building resilience in the face of a changing climate. Pollution and environmental degradation exacerbate existing problems and make people and nature more susceptible to the effects of climate change. Governments, organizations, and individuals must work together to implement sustainable practices and policies that protect both people and the planet. In response to the call for action on global climate change, the Soil Science Society of China (SSSC) and the Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) collaborated to conduct a comprehensive examination of the current state of climate change from various perspectives. 

Fig2: Illustration of global climate change as a complex and multifaceted issue, with various perspectives that shape our understanding of its causes, impacts, and potential solutions.

This joint effort involved 65 scientists (led by Professors Fang Wang, Zhifu Mi, Sabine Grunwald, Erik Jeppesen, Nianzhi Jiao, Jing M. Chen, Wulf Amelung, and James M. Tiedje), from 18 countries and 64 research institutions, summarizing evidence of climate change in Earth’s spheres, discussing emission pathways and drivers of climate change as well as providing a comprehensive understanding of the impacts and implications of climate change on environmental and human health. This work also explores strategies for climate change mitigation and adaptation and highlights key challenges for reversing and adapting to global climate change.

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Source: The Innovation Geoscience

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